There is nothing more petrifying than seeing your friend or even a relative severely sick or injured, especially if you have no idea on what you can do to help alleviate the pain or save his/her life.
Fortunately, if you are well equipped with some basic first aid skills, you’ll be able to quickly define a person’s physical or psychological condition to predict the course of appropriate treatment. Ideally, basic first aid involves evaluating and addressing the needs of an individual who has been injured or is in psychological pain.
The only thing that can make a huge difference between life and death is your ability to follow correct first aid procedures.
Unfortunately, most people are not well conversant with some useful tips for how to perform basic first aid, but here are some ideas to help you.
1. Check the surrounding
This is actually the first and the most crucial step that you should always take just in case someone is injured or severely sick. For instance, you must check the surrounding or rather evaluate the victim’s situation to be sure of the things that might endanger his/her life. Basically, it is highly recommended that you shouldn’t rush into a situation; otherwise you might end up as a victim yourself.
This means that you first aid becomes unnecessary in situations whereby you can’t perform it safely. Call for professional help. Remember to stay calm and try as much as possible to reassuring as a good way to show the victim that you care.
2. Handling unconsciousness
As much as first aid scenarios that involve an unconscious person are at times rare, caring for one is inevitably paramount. You can perform basic first aid tactics like tickling gently to determine responsiveness, and check for pulse and breathing if a person is unconscious and unable to rouse. Prepare for to administer CPR if a person remains unresponsive and perform chest compressions and rescue breathes as part of the CPR while keeping the victim’s head and neck aligned. More so, you should bear in mind the basics of CPR that consist of checking the victim’s airway, breathing and pulse.
3. Stop the bleeding
Bleeding is one of the most common first aid scenarios, and controlling it is the most important thing that can help save the life of a cut victim. For instance, if a person is cut and the bleeding is minor, clean the fresh wound with soap and clean water. In case of severe bleeding, call for professional help then cover the wound with a clean gauze pad and press down firmly, unless you suspect broken bones. If the victim has suffered a head injury, look for the symptoms of a concussion like unconsciousness, memory impairment and vertigo.
4. Handling rarer first aid scenarios
While it is true to say that some first scenarios involving rarer health conditions can be hard to handle because some seem scary, there is a lot you can do to help the victim. For instance, helping someone with seizures is somewhat straightforward, especially if the victim is traumatic. You simply have to prevent him/her from hurting himself/herself. For other serious cases including stroke and heart attack, rush the person to the hospital immediately.
Darren is a passionate blogger and works as an instructor of first aid emergency techniques for the workplace.