Have you ever experienced a bone fracture? If yes, I know you can remember the pain and the challenges that are the aftermath of the bone breaking or fracture. Remember the relief you experienced when your physician told you that your recovery was successful.
That success of your recuperation was not just from the cast but also other forms of physical support that your physician recommended.
Depending on how many you did, then you either reduced the likelihood of any other fractures or still are as susceptible as then.
When the broken bone is healing, the cells and tissues undergo three phases.
The first phase is the inflammation stage whereby blood clots around the area of fracture. The body releases repair cells; known as cytokine cascade, to the area of the fracture. These cells take part in rebuilding new tissue known as osteoblasts and a new frame of cartilage known as chondroblasts.
This stage is the more sensitive stage in the healing process. Inflammation is a process that tears down, recycles and repairs damaged tissues in the body. It cleans up the wounded area and participates in the rebuilding process of the fractured bone. Although anti-inflammatory medicine relieves the pain it delays healing of the fractured bone. The best approach to the management of the effects of inflammation is to nourish the body with nutrients such as Vitamin C, bioflavonoids and omega-3 fatty acids and enzymes. This way, the body’s natural anti-inflammatory mechanism stabilizes the inflammation.
The second phase is referred to as the reparative stage. Proteins help form a soft callus that helps in healing the fracture.
The third phase is referred to as the remodeling phase. In this stage, the bone undergoes full recovery by healing back to normal.
How fast your fracture goes through these stages depends on several health factors. They include dieting, physical exercise and treatment.
The two main types of fracture treatment are: reduction and immobilization and preservation of the fracture.
Reduction, performed in three ways; by closed manipulation, by medical traction or by open operation.
In closed manipulation, it is done under anesthesia and the procedure grasps the fragments through the soft tissues and then adjusts them to their correct position.
In mechanical traction, with or without manipulation, the procedure pulls out the fragments out of muscles onto the normal length of the bone. This is done through application of weights.
In open operation, the procedure is carried out when the fracture is complicated by damage to a nerve or artery or on the articular surface.
Immobilization. This is procedure is done only if necessary. It is performed to prevent the displacement of the fracture fragments thus preserving it. It is also done to prevent movement that will interfere with union and to help reduce pain caused by the fracture. The main methods for immobilization are; plaster of Paris cast, continuous traction, external fixation or by internal fixation.
What methods did you or your doctor use when you had your fracture?