Why and when is surgery necessary?
Placing a patient under knife to correct a health problem; surgery, is one of the most successful solutions and riskiest too.
Usually performed as a last resolute, a lot is put into consideration before embarking on this procedure.
Emphasis is placed on the patient’s medical history, current health status and possible effects of the surgery on the patient. Through tests and other medical status analysis tools, the medical professionals concerned determine and prescribe surgery accordingly.
Types/categories of surgery.
Just like transplants, there are types/categories of surgery.
Depending on the intensity of the procedure, the recovery time or the body part being operated on, a surgery can either be called ;
minor surgery or major surgery.
Surgeries that are considered minor are such as bone fracture repositioning, growth biopsies, skin blemishes removal and laser eye surgery. These types of surgeries are considered minor because; recovery time is relatively short, recuperation being fast and the time taken to perform the procedure minutes or just a few hours.
Major surgeries take longer to perform and recuperate. Usually requiring more medical attention such as monitoring while in the confines of a hospital, surgeries performed in body parts such as the head, chest, spinal cord and abdomen, are considered as such.
Surgeries are categorized further according to the need of it.
Elective surgery: According to ones desires and/or lifestyle, one can undergo surgery, though minor, by instigating it themselves. This type of surgery is not necessary but to the “patient’s” wishes, it is performed. Such a surgery could be removal of a mark on one’s skin, nose repositioning and other forms of plastic surgery. Where surgery is used a s a beauty product, it could be considered as a form of elective surgery procedure.
Required surgery: Where a medical professional prescribes surgery as a solution, it is referred to as a required procedure. Performed both in children and in adults, required surgery is considered essential for the maintenance and improvement of ones health. Surgeries such as retina correction and cancer treatment through removal of the infected tissues are just some of the necessary procedures prescribed to better ones health. With this type, the surgery is scheduled, with both the patient and the surgeons in earlier preparation of the procedure.
Emergency surgery: Depending on the urgency of the procedure, surgery can be called emergency surgery. This happens unexpectedly and unplanned. In a case where patients are accident victims, surgery may be prescribed to aid their health predicament. This is usually where the patient is in intensive care and with limited treatment options for their survival.
Risks and health hazards in and of surgery.
Although surgery is one of the most effective solutions to eliminating health complications, there are severities you risk in going through the procedure.
From the performance to the recovery, surgery has its complications, some of which are quite severe. With success of a surgery depending on several factors such as the patient’s health status and the procedure quality, surgery has its implications.
Pain and tiredness are some of the side effects of surgery. With some procedures taking up to 18 hours, the patient, under anaesthesia, goes though nausea, tiredness, fatigue and pain after the surgery. Parts around the operated area may turn dumb, temporarily paralysing any action from them. During the recovery period, these effects are still experienced, though they ease with time. Usually, doctors prescribe pain killers and other counters to help in recuperation.
Blood loss is a common experience during surgery. The surgical team is usually ready thus having blood available if it is needed to cover for any lost. Where a blood vessel is injured during surgery, a ligature procedure is carried out to prevent more blood loss. If not, the patient risks bleeding, whether internal or external. During recuperation too, there is risk of bleeding. With the wound, swelling and tenderness around it may cause it to open, risking bleeding and infections.
Cases of negligence have been recorded globally. During surgery, instruments of operations may be left within, causing more damage to the patient. Such negligence can cause deformation, worse still; surgeries may end disastrous through loss of the patient.
Loss of appetite is another side effect of surgical procedures. With most post surgery patients, thinning is quite common. Due to the medication such as the surgical anaesthesia, appetite deteriorates. Within the course of recovery though, weight loss stops being an issue.
- Have regular medical check-ups to avoid late diagnosis of diseases necessitating surgery.
- Understand all possibilities and activities of a surgical procedure.
- Work with your physician to in recuperation and eat a healthy balanced diet.