It is a natural condition that begins around the ages of 40 years. It can develop to appoint where it results to deformation or fracture of the bone. It impairs the bone strength due to the abnormal quantity and quality of the damaged bone. Osteoporosis affects the connectivity of the bony components and the health of collagen and cells in the bone.
Osteoporosis affects both men and women. It is more common though in post-menopausal women. In both sexes, it usually affects those who had calcium deficiencies during body development in their younger years. It is accompanied by pain, both acute and chronic pain.
In adults, the calcium deficiency and loss is triggered by excess protein and sodium chloride (salt) in the body. When bone mineral density (BMD) is reduced, bone microarchitecture deteriorates, and the amount and variety of proteins in bone is altered.
In women, the reduction in hormone production which happens after menopause causes the calcium loss. Lack or deficiency of nutrients such as vitamins, D, causes the body to lose calcium. Lack of enough physical exercise also results in calcium loss.
There are several nutrients that help your body retain calcium preventing its loss.
Boron together with magnesium facilitates the assimilation of calcium in the body. Alkalis then help retain the calcium. Alkalis help prevent acidification which erodes minerals from the bone structure and causes decalcification, the loss of calcium from the bones.
Magnesium is about 60 percent of the bone composition. The rest is made up of calcium, phosphorus and other mineral content. Osteoporosis can be prevented and managed by intake of diets rich in calcium, vitamins, carbohydrates and minerals such as phosphorus and magnesium. These minerals take part in preventing uric acid and its effects such as inflammation and deterioration of the bones.
It is usually assumed that fractures are as a result of osteoporosis yet not all fractures are associated with osteoporosis. What is a fact though, is that women who have had a fracture before are at a higher risk of developing osteoporosis. This is because women have smaller bone structures hence a lower total bone mass. Women also do lose bone components much faster especially after menopause.
Others at a higher risk of osteoporosis are those with a weight problem and a low body mass index. This risk actually increases in women who have a below average body mass index. If you have a family history of fractures and/or osteoporosis, you are also at a higher risk.
Those who smoke and lead a sedentary lifestyle such as lack of physical exercise are also at risk of osteoporosis. In women, the risk of hip fracture increases if she smokes.
The secondary causes associated with osteoporosis are chronic liver disease, inflammatory bowel disease, renal disease, rheumatoid arthritis, celiac disease and long-term use of certain contraceptives. These diseases and conditions deteriorate the bone structure.
High intensity strength training is recommended in the management of this disease. Low weight-bearing helps load the bone sites that had been affected by this disease with the minerals. Calcium supplementation is effective especially in post-menopausal women. Some of the best sources of calcium are skimmed milk, yoghurt, hard cheese and white bread.
Although calcium is necessary in prevention and management of osteoporosis, those with impaired renal function should avoid excessive Calcium intake. There are other options such as homeopathic solutions and other minerals.