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Haemophilia A and B: Causes, Symptoms of this Genetic Blood Disorder.

What is haemophilia?

Haemophilia A, B ; causes, symptoms, treatment and management of this inherited genetic blood disorder. Haemophilia is a blood disorder.It is is a bleeding disorder whereby the blood does not clot as it should normally. It is a hereditary disease as it is genetically transmitted. This bleeding disorder depends on the amount of clotting factor in the blood.

Types of Haemophilia and who it can affect.

Haemophilia can be categorized into three broad types; mild, moderate and the severe type.

There is haemophilia A (classic haemophilia) and B (Christmas disease).

Type A is more common at 85 % prevalence. It  has a gene that influences building of protein In the blood. If severe, type A patients can bleed spontaneously for days.

In type B which is about 15 % prevalence, the protein works occasionally forming stable clots.

This disease affects both men and women although men , adults and children, are the most affected.

Haemophilia can be discovered early in life. While undergoing vaccination, the needle effect on the patient leaves reddish marks that can swell and/or bleed abnormally.

Signs and symptoms of Haemophilia.

Haemophilia is characterised by blood in the urine.

It is also manifested through :

  • Digestive problems,
  • Regular nose bleeding,
  • Joint pain and swelling,
  • Large bruises,
  • Internal bleeding and
  • Delay in the start of bleeding among other signs and symptoms.

Causes of Haemophilia.

The clotting factor required in the blood is a form of vitamin referred to as vitamin K.

Lack of this vitamin or its deficiency leaves you susceptible to Haemophilia.

The clotting factor, vitamin K, participates in clotting of the blood. It has coagulation properties that avoid cases of abnormal bleeding from cuts or injuries.

The vitamin participates in enzyme action whereby complex proteins which are essential for blood clotting are derived through carbonation reactions.

Whenever the vitamin K is deficient, the level of the essential complex protein decreases in the plasma translating into reduced clotting ability.

The lack of the proteins required for the clotting process also leads to Haemophilia.

The proteins take part in the enzyme reaction, whereby deficiency of the enzymes too, results to Haemophilia.

Vitamin K has dependent protein factors namely VIII and IX.

A joint deficiency of these factors results into the severe type of haemophilia.

Haemophilia A is a result of deficiency of factor VIII while Haemophilia B is IX.

In cases where it is mild, the patient usually has some Vitamin K in the blood system, just not enough. Lack of these factors is caused by the deficiency of enzymes within the plasma.

What causes Vitamin K deficiency?

Deficiency or lack of vitamin K in the blood system can be attributed to several factors.

The main being inadequate dieting.

A constant lack of a healthy balanced diet whereby vitamin K is not part of your intake could result into a vitamin K deficiency leaving you susceptible to Haemophilia.

Another cause of lack of vitamin K in the blood is medications.

Antibiotics to be specific reduce the rate of action and the levels of vitamin K in the blood that are required to sustain blood clotting. A wide range of medications with the antibiotic effect interfere with the absorption and processing of blood clotting agents.

Diseases and/or solutions to diseases such as surgery in parts such as the digestive system alter the capability of the organs to absorb Vitamin K.

This occurs where the anatomy of the organ is altered or the amount of bile salts and pancreatic juices required in absorption are reduced.

In cases of alcoholism, diseases such as cirrhosis or chronic liver diseases alters the conditions favoring the absorption of Vitamin K.

Treatment and management of Haemophilia.

Since it is a hereditary disease, haemophilia cannot be prevented unlike other diseases that have vaccination for that.

Medically though, treatment can be administered to help reverse the deficiency problem; the lack of vitamin K in the blood system.

Vitamin K deficiency/inadequacy in the blood can be reversed through therapy.

Management of haemophilia is a daunting task.

Patients are advised to eat a balanced diet to supplement their diets to benefit fully from all the nutrients they can.

This improves the quality of blood, especially if the source of diet is plant-based. Consuming diets that have high levels of Vitamin K and enzymes helps you reduce the chances of severe Haemophilia.

Lifestyle choices such as consumption of alcohol should be moderated if not fully avoided.The effect of alcohol in the digestive system can influence Haemophilia development.

Intoxication from other products such as medicines also can result to Haemophilia.

Those who are already affected have prophylactic infusions regularly to counter and mange their bleeding disorder.

Protect yourself from injuries to avoid situations where you can bleed.

With the help of medical professionals, their prescriptions and recommendations, Haemophilia is manageable.

A lifelong disease, Haemophilia could gradually reduce its adversity as one grows older or it could get worse off.

QUICK FACTS:
  • People with Haemophilia bleed longer.
  • Haemophilia can result at arthritis.
  • Treatment is injections of purified clotting factors.

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