What are gynaecological cancers?
gynaecological cancers are cancers that affect the woman’s reproductive system.
They include: cervical cancer, endometrial and uterine cancer, fallopian tube cancer, gestational triploblastic disease and choriocarcinoma cancer, ovarian cancer, vaginal cancer and vulvar cancer.
Women who choose not to conceive are at a greater risk of actually never being able to. The twist to this fate is that women who sire more children and those who engage the use of oral contraceptive pills reduce their risk of developing ovarian cancer.
Causes, signs and symptoms of gynaecological cancers.
These cancers affect the tissues and organs of the female reproductive system.
As they are all independent diseases, their causes, signs and symptoms vary. This diseases have been attributed to various factors though such as personal lifestyle choices.
Another reason is inappropriate dietary habits. Intakes of foods that have a high fat content greatly increase a woman’s risk of developing these cancer.
There are some common traits in them though. Some of the common characteristics are ; pelvic pain, abnormal vaginal bleeding during or after sexual intercourse, persistent abdominal swelling or bloating, diarrhoea or constipation and weight loss or gain.
1 out of an average 50 women is at risk of developing ovarian cancer. Approximately, one-quarter of ovarian cancer deaths occur in women between the ages of 35 and 54, while the rest primarily occurring in women between 55 and 74 years of age.
With the exact causes of this disease not known(ovarian cancer), its manifestations are benign. Its symptoms can easily be misdiagnosed as other diseases and they can disguise for months too.
One such victim of this tragedy is Nobel laureate professor Wangari Maathai, a world-renowned heroine who inspired and continues in the environmental conservation and the need for peace. The question begs to know, how many women actually know their maternal health status in regards to this illness? How many other pillars of society are on the verge of succumbing to these chronic diseases?
Diagnosis and prevention of gynaecological cancers.
A physician through techniques such as colonoscopy exams, pelvic exams, imaging tests, biopsies or surgery, can diagnose any gynaecological cancer types and find the suitable treatment for it.
gynaecological cancers can be prevented.
Since each cancer has its different characteristics, prevention depends on those factors. In general though, lifestyle changes such as quitting or avoiding smoking, regular medical check ups with your physician, regular pap smear at your physician , prevent sexually transmitted diseases(STD) such as HPV, human papillomavirus, which develops into cervical cancer.
Treatment and management of gynaecological cancers.
Treatment depends on the independent cancer, its development stage and other factors related to the health of the patient. Usually cancer treatments include chemotherapy, radiation , surgery and therapy.
In fatal developments, surgery may be the only treatment to avoid further spreading of this chronic illnesses.
The distinctive problem with cancer is that it robs you off the spontaneity of life.
You live life, trying to enjoy every moment possible as you know it could well be your last. You are constantly haunted with the reality that pain, sorrow and other self-destructive predicaments are the reflection in the mirror.
It is apparent that a woman’s ovaries are part of the greater equation we call life. From its development to its continuity, they are a matter of life and death. With such diseases, the human race is in its basics, endangered.
Maternal health is an objective in the millennium development goals, its goal number 5 and 6 to be precise. If we cannot mitigate the fundamental risks that threaten our women, then it threatens the entire human kind’s evolution. Such a tragedy requires undivided attention and efforts to accomplish it.
Whether man or woman, what are you doing to help prevent and manage these life snatching diseases before they affect your dear ones? It is only best if we make 4th of February an everyday theme in our lives.
- World cancer day is the 4th of every February.
- Maternal health is an objective in the millennium development goals to be achieved by 2015.
- Cancer can be treated if diagnosed early.