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Causes, Signs and Symptoms Hardening of the Arteries

Do you think you have symptoms hardening of the arteries? What is arteriosclerosis? It is the hardening and thickening of walls of the arteries.

It is considered a lifestyle disease since it occurs as a result of inappropriate choices in one’s life.

Calcification of the walls thickens the arteries and causes a lot of other complications to the affected.

The most affected of this disease are men.

Lifestyle choices in men, especially men in the middle age and above, increase the risk of suffering from arteriosclerosis compared to women. In women, those in their menopause stages are more susceptible.

Causes of arteriosclerosis.

The main cause of arteriosclerosis is oxidation of blood triglyceride.

Causes, Signs and Symptoms Hardening of the ArteriesTriglyceride are fats found within the blood. These fats are deposited as cholesterol in the inner linings. Gradually, these deposits harden and thicken the arteries affecting blood flow.

This in turn leaves you susceptible to conditions such as high blood pressure(hypertension), high blood cholesterol levels and cardiac diseases.

Arteriosclerosis is also caused by choices such as inappropriate diets, lack of physical exercise, tobacco and alcohol consumption; arteriosclerosis develops due to fat deposits in the inner linings of the arteries.

These choices have health risk factors such as nicotine, high blood pressure, obesity, emotional stress and abnormal sugar content in the blood.

Types of arteriosclerosis.

There are two types of arteriosclerosis.

  1. Monckeberg’s arteriosclerosis is associated with restricted motion of the lower extremes.
  2. The other type is arteriolar sclerosis, whereby there is decreased vision and you are susceptible to peripheral vascular diseases.

Signs and Symptoms of arteriosclerosis.

It is manifested through symptoms such as shortness of breath and chest pain.

The narrowed arteries might interfere with the normal functioning of your intestines, legs and brain.

Other signs and symptoms are high blood pressure and kidney infections.

Prevention of arteriosclerosis.

Intake of nutrients such as vitamin A, vitamin E, selenium and cellulose fiber help your body in the elimination of biliary salts that take part in the synthesis of cholesterol. This metabolic process is further supported by the presence of vitamin C, as it neutralizes the synthesis process.

Minerals such as Niacin and Niacin amide, also known as vitamin B3, reduce the chances of arteriosclerosis development.

Niacin helps in softening the arteries thus helping you reduce chances of you developing the disease. Niacin helps in lowering cholesterol levels in your blood vessels while vitamin B, as with other vitamins, helps prevent the hardening of the arteries.

Vitamin E, a powerful antioxidant, does help prevent deformation of your arteries.

Unsaturated fats such as soluble fibre also called pectin, help you improve and better the health of your arteries.They take part in the synthesis of cholesterol; together with free radicals participate in the synthesis of triglyceride.

Honey and lemons help unblock narrowed arteries. Ginger does thinning of the blood, preventing clumping of the platelets.

Green tea participates in the regulation of blood pressure, protecting your body from the effects of free radicals.

Treatment and Management of arteriosclerosis.

Treatment of arteriosclerosis depends on the degree of development.

In medication, aspirin prevents blood platelets from clumping together thus avoiding clotting. The doctor can also prescribe cholesterol lowering medication to lower the bad cholesterol, LDL type, levels. Diuretics help lower blood pressure thus reducing the risk of developing arteriosclerosis.

The doctor may recommend solutions that borrow more on medications where in certain cases, surgery may be dimmed fit. The deposits of fat, referred to as plaques, may rupture causing blood clots and other serious illnesses.

There are several surgical procedures that can be performed as treatment.

Bypass surgery is used to circumvent a blocked vessel by allowing blood to flow around the plaque. By use of synthetic tubes, blood flow is restored to normal in the vessels.

Another surgery procedure is Endarterectomy. This is whereby the blocking plaques are removed unblocking the blood vessels. This is usually the more recommended treatment strategy as it quite successful and low risk.

Angioplasty is also another surgical procedure for unblocking blood vessels. The vessels are widened to allow more blood flow. This procedure is a bit risky since it involves tools such as a deflated balloon and a catheter which might end up bruising the artery wall.

QUICK FACTS:
  • Caused by inappropriate lifestyle choices such as unhealthy diets and lack of physical exercises.
  • There is treatment for arteriosclerosis.
  • Affects both men and women.

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