What is Anaemia?
Anaemia is the disease where your body lacks enough red blood cells for the circulation of oxygen. It is a disease where by the red blood cells count decreases in the blood.
It affects women more than men.
Types and causes of anaemia.
- Iron deficiency anaemia.
- Sickle cell anaemia.
- Haemolytic anaemia.
- Chemotherapy induced anaemia.
Causes of anemia.
Iron deficiency anemia is caused by deficiencies of several key nutrients with the main being iron.
Sickle cell anemia is caused by the destruction of the red blood cells. (also in children)
Haemolytic anemia is caused by hemorrhage; the loss of huge amount of blood.
Chemotherapy induced anemia is caused by the anti-cancer medicines that affect the cells of the body including the red blood cells.
How does anaemia develop in the body?
When it is caused by Hemorrhage; the loss of huge amounts of bleeding through bleeding, red blood cells are reduced in the blood. hemorrhage can happen internally or externally. This leaves you weakened as the oxygen supply within your body is decreased. This is because the red blood cells give blood its red color and transports oxygen to cells all over your body.
Iron deficiency anemia is caused by lack of enough Iron in the body. As the body looses the red blood cells, it does try to replace them with new ones. hematopoietic, the production of blood cells in the bone marrows, requires essential nutrients in order to occur.
Nutrients such as vitamins such as B1, B2, B6, C and vitamin E together with certain proteins and trace minerals take part in the production of blood cells in the marrows.
Vitamin C is quite essential as it does enhance the absorption of iron.
A deficiency in these nutrients disorient the process of production and where you are suffering from anemia, it could be fatal since you cannot replace the lost red blood cells.
During pregnancy and menstruation, women have a higher risk of developing iron deficiency anemia.
Trace minerals such as copper, manganese, selenium and Zinc when combined with iron; they produce a strong anti anemic effect in your blood than where iron acts solely. The minerals help your immunity to increase resistance to diseases and thus avoid destruction of the red blood cells.The trace minerals, as with Vitamin C, they help increase the rate of absorption of Iron from dietary sources.
The best sources for Iron are plant-based sources, as they contain Iron that is easily assimilated within your body.
Chemotherapy induced anaemia is characterized by tiredness or shortness of breath. The good thing about this chemotherapy induced anemia is that it is treatable and you regain your health after the cancer treatment is over.
Treatment and management of anaemia.
Treatment of anaemia is done through iron therapy.
The body is supplemented with iron, through techniques such as use of tablets or diet prescriptions.
Prolonged iron deficiency can result in a smooth, shiny, and reddened tongue, a condition called glossitis.
According to the fatality of your condition, your physician determines the best and fit way to replenish your lost blood cells. This therefore requires you feed on a healthy balanced diet, rich in nutrients that favor the production of blood cells in your bone marrows.
Consuming a healthy diet does help you build you immunity and prevent anemia.
Supplementing your dietary intake helps you reduce the chances of developing anemia since your body acquires all minerals that a normal diet could not offer. This ensures that you do not deficiency your body off vitamin B12, nickel and selenium, nutrients that are very essential in the metabolic process of blood production.
Moderation or avoidance of inappropriate lifestyle habits such as alcoholism and unhealthy diet intake helps you improve your immune system and your general wellness.
Habits that are dangerous and could result in injuries will only lead to blood loss, and if this occurs severely, it gradually influences the development of anemia.
Relaxing more will help you avoid the tiredness that characterizes anemia. Doing light chores that have been distributed in the day’s schedule with the heavier tasks done when you feel energized.
Taking plenty of fluids will also help avoid dizziness.
- Always intake healthy balanced diets to improve your immunity.
- Avoid injuries, pressure and extreme temperature if you have anemia.
- Try to have regular check ups on your health.