Aging is the major risk factor for developing cataracts and that is why avoiding it is next to impossible. However, the prevention methods can help slow down the development process of this extremely common vision problem.
1- Protect Your Eyes from the Sun:
Many research works have established that radiation in the ultraviolet (UV) range speeds up the process of cataracts. People who work under the sun are three times more likely to develop cataracts than others. It is advisable to always wear a pair of sunglasses that can block UV and blue violet sun rays to lessen your eye exposure to the sun. Ultra violet rays are believed to be among the most probable causes in the development of cataracts.
2- Diabetes and Cataracts:
People suffering from diabetes are more likely to become a prey of cataracts at an early age than others as the high level of glucose in their blood keeps damaging their nervous system and blood vessels. Even in the adults, diabetes increases the risk of cataracts and leads them to many other vision related problems.
That is why it is very important for people with diabetes to see their eye doctor regularly for medical examinations to get cataracts diagnosed at its earliest possible stage. They must follow all healthcare instructions to keep the level of blood sugar and blood pressure under control to avoid the risk of developing cataracts and other eye related complications.
3- Foods for Eye Well-being:
Vegetables are the natural source of minerals and nutrition that help improve the capability and strength of human eyes and vision. Spinach comprises lutein, while tomatoes and broccoli are jam-packed with vitamin C, which is essential in the prevention of cataracts. Fruits and vegetables in your regular meal guarantee that you are consuming a lot of vitamins. Friendly Antioxidant vitamins found in greenish and yellowish vegetables reduce the risk of cataracts and shun the possible damage to your eye’s lens.
4- Avoid Greasy and Sugary Diets:
Only eating fruits and vegetables will not help unless you avoid processed foods and sugary drinks that are associated with possibility of age-related cataracts as well as obesity and other health problems.
5- Avoid Cigarette-Smoking
It is an open secret that the habit of smoking cigarettes poses serious health hazards not only to the smoker but also to those who are around him. Cigarette-smoking also affects eye health as well. It is essential for the smokers to quit smoking as it is a proven speedy element that increases risk of developing cataracts. Smoking more than 20 cigarettes daily rises the risk of cataracts two-time more than the non-smokers. As each cigarette burns 25 mg of vitamin C in the body, those who have been active smokers in the past, face 50% higher risk of cataracts in comparison with non-smokers.
6- Get Omega-3 Fatty Acids:
In an effort to prevent cataracts, inclusion of Omega-3 fatty acids in your daily diet can be quite useful. Those acids, chiefly found in fish, corn, soybean oil and safflower oil, are well known for enhancing body immune system against foreign substances and safeguard your eyes from cataracts.
7- Regular Eye Test:
It makes no difference whether you wear glasses or not, it is essential for you, especially after reaching sixty years of age, to have a regular checkup of your eyes by an ophthalmologist. Generally, it is sensible to get your eyes examined once a year. This practice will enable you to spot cataracts early at its initial stage. Moreover, it is very important to consult your optometrist before consuming vitamins or other nutritional supplements for strengthening eyes. Sometimes taking extra vitamins can be harmful to your vision.
8- Physical Characteristics:
The ailment of cataracts usually occurs with aging that cannot be eluded, however, according to scientists and researchers individuals with nearsightedness are exposed to higher risk for developing cataracts. Obesity is another important cause, predominantly in taller persons who have a heavy amount of belly fat. Therefore, overall health condition must be maintained to prevent cataracts.
9- Avoid Excessive Alcohol:
Many health related studies have pointed out that excessive consumption of alcohol leads to cataracts development. Alcohol foists protein fibers within the lens and cuts the substantial nutrients. Those who drink heavily on daily basis have high risk for developing cataracts. More than seven alcoholic beverages per week surge the risk, while reasonable use of beverages does not enhance the risk of cataracts.
10- Consume Vitamins:
The usefulness of certain vitamins to prevent cataracts is an established fact. Vitamin A keeps body cells, which support vision, in a good shape. A daily consumption of 1,000 mcg of vitamin A is highly suggested. About two grams intake of vitamin C per day kills 75%chances of cataract formation .Vitamin E can also stop the side effects of free radicals along with slowing down the process of blindness instigated by cataracts. Vitamin D generates anti-oxidants that defend vision against cataracts.
My name is Liza McFlow. I am a student of Medical Department. I make my first steps in the world of Blogs. I would like to try myself as a writer of interesting articles about ophthalmology, eyes health, optometry and human body